First Aid for a Strain or Sprain (soft tissue injury)


So, if you suspect somebody’s
got a soft tissue injury, you want to rest it, you want to apply some comfortable support, you want to elevate it and
apply a wrapped ice pack. So, the comfortable support used to be known as compression and what we want to do, is apply a bandage and we want to wrap this bandage on, and we want to do it from joint to joint. So if, you’ve damaged your arm here I would go from here to elbow. If you’ve damaged your elbow, I’d go from here to here. Likewise, either side
of your ankle joints, either side of your knee joints, and down far enough. So, don’t just bandage the knee or just bandage the elbow, ’cause it won’t give it enough support. So, what you want to
do is apply it firmly, but not too tightly, and
you want to be wrapping it in a sort of figure of 8. So you’re going round
and you’re overlapping by about half the bandage, each time as you go around. So, you’ve hurt your wrist, so I’m going from here, to about middle of your arm, to support your wrist. Okay, so we’re going to put this on here, and when I’ve
finished wrapping this bandage, what I will then do,
is check your fingers, and check that if I squeeze your nail bed, that the colour comes back quickly, which shows that I haven’t
put it on too tight. So, I’m going to wrap up like this, and then at the end,
I’m going to elevate it, and apply a wrapped ice pack. Okay, so you’d secure it either with some tape or a pin or ideally tape, or you can tuck it in, but
it will lose full pressure. It depends why you’re putting the bandage on but if it’s for a sprain or a strain, you probably want to support it like that, and you’d probably support it yourself. You can put a sling on, but to be honest, if I was to fold Lucy’s top up that would give her a little bit of extra support, and generally if you have got a sprain or strain, you’d be much happier
holding onto it yourself. A wrapped ice pack, held on the top, will actually reduce some of the swelling. I haven’t got X-ray eyes, so the only way to know whether you’ve broken it or got a sprain or strain, is that if it doesn’t
get better or feel better in the next few hours, go to the hospital, and get an X-ray.

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